bipolar type 1
Ask a Bipolar – What is a mixed mood in bipolar disorder?
As one of the Burble’s commenters mentioned, there seems to be a lack of good information on mixed moods available. After some Googling, I would tend to agree. While mixed mood episodes are pretty common for us bipolar folk, few people seem to be discussing it.
This is the beginning of a four-part series on mixed moods in bipolar disorder:
- Mixed Mood Episodes in Bipolar Type I
- Mixed Mood Episodes in Bipolar Type II
- Changes to Mixed Mood Episode Diagnosis in the Revision of the DSM
- Treating Mixed Mood Episodes
What is a Mixed Mood Episode?
By definition, a mixed mood in bipolar disorder is the presence of both depression and mania. According to the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), mixed moods are only present in bipolar disorder type 1 as mixed moods require the presence of mania.
Mixed mood episodes are (officially) found in bipolar disorder 1 and are characterized by:
- Persons must meet both the criteria for mania and major depression; the depressive event is required to be present for 1 week only.
- The mood disturbance results in marked disruption in social or vocation function.
- The mood is not the result of substance abuse or a medical condition.
Mixed mood episodes are officially considered part of the manic phase of bipolar disorder.